Paycheck to Paycheck

GUALFIN, ARGENTINA – The Dow was down 118 points on Wednesday. It should have been down a lot more. Of course, markets know more than we do. And maybe this market knows something that makes sense of these high prices. What we see are reasons to sell, not reasons to buy.


DJIA daily (incl. Thursday)… it was just taking a rest – click to enlarge.


Nearly half of all American families live “paycheck to paycheck,” say researchers. Without borrowing, 46% couldn’t raise $400 to cover an emergency. This is at least part of the reason why retail sales dropped for the second month in a row in March. Despite seven years of economic “recovery,” millions of Americans don’t have much money.

According to Census Bureau figures, 110 million Americans receive benefits from means-tested federal programs – food stamps, disability, and the like. And according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, about 125 million Americans have full-time work (with another roughly 112 million without jobs).

That means there are only 125 million people in full-time jobs supporting the whole kit and caboodle of the U.S. economy, with a total population of 323 million. At that rate, each full-time worker supports about 2.6 people… including almost one person receiving money from the feds.

They are also supporting a government debt of $20 trillion and private debt of another $40 trillion or so. That puts the debt-to-full-time-worker ratio at $480,000. The average salary for a full-time worker is just $48,000. At a modest 5% interest, his share of the debt cost would set him back $24,000 each year.

He’d have only the remaining $24,000 to support (1) his own family… and (2) all the malingerers, cronies, and zombies who are drawing government benefits. Obviously, those numbers don’t work. But they explain much of the weakness in the U.S. economy.

The feds’ cheap credit keeps moving money (mostly in the form of asset price increases) to the wealthiest ZIP codes… while the average person’s budget gets tighter and tighter.


It’s not just better to be rich, it’s double-plus-better! – click to enlarge.


Crisis Level

Foot traffic in chain restaurants is dropping, too. It’s down 3.4% from last month year over year. And all across the country, retail stores are closing their doors and shuttering their windows as though a hurricane were coming. And maybe it is…

Household debt is once again at more than $14 trillion – the level that set off the crisis of 2008–’09. At that level, consumers have a hard time spending. Despite these warnings, the Fed is still patting itself on the back. Bloomberg:


The economy continued to grow across the U.S. at a modest-to-moderate pace in recent weeks as a tight labor market helped broaden wage gains, though consumer spending was mixed, a Federal Reserve survey showed Wednesday.


Not only that, it is still talking about undoing the damage it has done over the past eight years, hoping to get down from its debt-mountain perch without breaking any bones. Bloomberg again:


After heading into the uncharted territory of quantitative easing [QE], the world’s central banks are starting to plan their course through the uncharted waters of quantitative tightening.

How the Federal Reserve, European Central Bank and – eventually – the Bank of Japan handle the transition could make the difference between a global rerun of the 2013 “taper tantrum,” or the near undetectable market response to China’s run-down of U.S. Treasuries in recent years.

Combined, the balance sheets of the three now total about $13 trillion, equating to greater than either China’s or the euro region’s economy.


Assets held by the BoJ (lhs), the Fed and the ECB (both rhs) – the Fed pioneered the post 2008 special printathon, but has become almost stingy since 2014. But worry not, ye liquidity junkies – more is apodictically certain to come… – click to enlarge.



Let’s see… central banks began buying debt eight years ago. Now they own $13 trillion of it. Hey, it was fun, wasn’t it?

Nothing bad happened. So now they can get rid of the debt… and nothing bad is going to happen again, right? The Fed bought the debt, adding money into the economy –  especially the richest part of it. Now all they have to do is sell it. Easy-peasy.


The main effect of the vast central bank balance sheet expansion discussed above was the creation of boatloads of deposit money & currency. US TMS-2, Japan M1 and euro area M1 (inserted chart) have grown like weeds  – so someone does have all that money lying around somewhere. Alas, a reversal of QE will destroy it again. One guess as to what would happen to asset prices in that case – click to enlarge.


A lot of people have a spare trillion dollars lying around. They’ll consider it an honor to help the Fed down off the ledge and buy bonds just as the bond market turns south.

The hangover will be just as much fun as getting drunk. The divorce will be just as exhilarating as the affair that caused it. Getting hanged for murder will be just as satisfying as shooting the bastard.



A quick visual comparison to help decide on relative fun coefficients – left: hanging like murderous Mary, the man-killing elephant, right: getting ready to shoot the bastard.


Charts by stockcharts, St. Louis Fed


Chart and image captions by PT


The above article originally appeared at the Diary of a Rogue Economist, written for Bonner & Partners. Bill Bonner founded Agora, Inc in 1978. It has since grown into one of the largest independent newsletter publishing companies in the world. He has also written three New York Times bestselling books, Financial Reckoning Day, Empire of Debt and Mobs, Messiahs and Markets.



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2 Responses to “Central Banks Have a $13 Trillion Problem”

  • Hans:

    What we have, Mr Bonner, for the past seven years is
    what I call a rolling soft recession.

    How to address this issue is none other than to reduce
    the spending of the federal governmental unit by 1/3.
    That right, reduce spending by about 1 trillion dollars.

    Furthermore, the saving should be use to bring the federal
    budget into equilibrium with the remainder of the surplus
    refunded to the tax slaves. NO MORE INCREASES IN OUR

    Any budget surplus, the following year, should be used solely
    to reduce the national debt.

    Under no circumstances should any of the surpluses be used
    to increase federal spending!! If the desired effects are not
    realized, more spending cuts should be in the offering.

    Productivity increases should also be a fundamental goal, in
    achieving the aforementioned objectives.

    American badly needs to invoke Sir Winston Churchill maximum,
    Blood, Sweat and Tears.

    America, the era of economic growth through debt expansion has
    come to end. Yes, it is true, work will not only set us free but
    shall make us great again.

  • Kafka:

    “125 million people in full-time jobs supporting the whole kit and caboodle of the U.S. economy”. And 50 million of those 125 million are Government employees/contractors paid for by the 75 million private sector workers, of whom many are minimum wage earners.

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