The Stock Market
US stocks dropped on Thursday, after news broke that someone shot down a Malaysian passenger airplane over eastern Ukraine. Then came the report that Israel had ordered a ground assault on Gaza. The Dow lost 161 points. Gold shot up $17 an ounce.
This comes only days after the Princess of Peace, Janet Yellen, assured investors that most stocks were fairly priced. We don’t doubt that she was right. Prices are set by willing buyers and sellers, operating on the basis of what they know at the time.
What they knew on Wednesday was that Yellen had their backs. Thursday, they weren’t so sure. Friday’s another matter …
Looking for Value
Editor’s Note: At the Diary, we are big on value. Bill’s motto is “buy cheap.” And someone who knows where to find value in today’s generally overpriced markets is Dr. Steve Sjuggerud, editor of Stansberry & Associates True Wealth Systems.
If you think there is no value out there … think again.
In today’s edition – originally published in the June 30 issue of Daily Wealth – Steve reveals the system he uses to identify global value … and why the cheapest stocks in the world are outside the US.
What’s Cheap in the World Today? by Dr. Steve Sjuggerud, Editor, True Wealth Systems
You probably haven’t noticed, but boring government bonds are up double digits this year. US stocks continue to push to all-time highs as well. Even Europe is soaring to multi-year highs. Today, we’ve got uptrends around the globe. The big question is: after so many investments have run up so high, where is the value in the world today? Is there any left out there? In short, yes!
Let me show you exactly where the value is right now. There are dozens of ways to size up what’s cheap. One classic measure of value is the price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio. But like most value measures, it isn’t perfect on its own. To fix that problem, we built an in-house value indicator for a few dozen global markets. We call it the “True Wealth Systems (TWS) Value Composite Measure.”
These TWS Value Composite readings give us a simple way to see where the value really is in the world. And today, there is a clear winner. Let me show you what I mean by looking at a few major developed countries’ stock markets.
The table below shows each country’s historical premium or discount relative to its own history, based on our TWS Value Composite. In addition, it shows each market’s premium/discount to U.S. stocks – the benchmark for comparison for developed markets.
Controlling the Dice
“Untergang der Titanic”, conception by Willy Stöwer, 1912
Not much market action on Friday. With a VIX reading of just under 11, a remarkable tranquility has settled over the markets – like the calm seas in the North Atlantic when the Titanic set sail.
“Not even God Himself can sink this ship,” said its architect. In the event, it was sunk by an iceberg. God claimed no credit nor took any blame. We humans can never hope to know the truth. Even in science we never know whether something is true or not. All we know is when something isn’t true.
We test it. If it doesn’t work, we know the premise was false. We mock it and ridicule it. We tell the poor sap who believes it: Good luck with that! We know it won’t work. Even when something does work, we still don’t know the premise behind it is true.
“Here… I’ll prove that I can control the dice,” says a lunatic.
“I’ll throw them four times… and each time I’ll get snake eyes.”
He rolls the dice. If he fails to get snake eyes each time you know the premise was false. But what if he succeeds? Is it true that he can control the dice? Or is he just lucky? You don’t know.
An Overabundance of Confidence
When looking at the charts of individual stocks, we find many that “look good”. This is undoubtedly one of the market's main saving graces. The problem with this is of course that charts always “look good” until they suddenly don't anymore. Shortly before the crash of 1987, to name an extreme example, the charts of many stocks, as well as those of the indexes, also looked good. There was very little in the technical backdrop that indicated that things would change radically and go totally pear-shaped in the space of just one week. And yet, this is what happened. The only warning provided by the charts was that the market suddenly and inexplicably became extremely weak in the week prior to the actual crash day. It put in a lower high on that occasion, which by itself is also not an entirely reliable sign that things are about to go seriously awry.
We are only using this example to illustrate that there is sometimes more to the situation than just the message provided by the charts. Normally, charts will deteriorate slowly enough to provide plenty of warning that the technical underpinnings of the market are weakening – but this is not always the case (it did happen in late 2007/early 2008, but even at that time, the message was for 'mixed' for quite some time. For instance, the DJ transportation average made a new all time high in May of 2008).
Anyway, in order to gauge the market's temperament, or at least the effects of the most widely adopted belief system, we can also look at quantitative sentiment data, and since a few remarkable things have happened on that front lately, we are providing a brief update. As to the “belief system” adopted by most market participants, it is the sheer boundless faith in the machinations of central banks. We happen to think that relying on these bureaucrats is dangerous, regardless of the fact that is has obviously “worked” for a good while now. It is the modern-day variation of the “potent directors fallacy” – the belief that a handful of powerful people can actually stop the market from expressing itself in an untoward manner. There are countless historical examples that show this belief to be erroneous, with the 2008 dislocation being the most recent one.
We regularly look at put-call ratios and the like, and came across a rather remarkable combination of data last week. The equity put-call ratio declined to its lowest one day reading in several years last week, while almost concurrently, there was the biggest spike in the one-day reading of the OEX put-call ratio in at least 20 years (we cannot tell for sure if it was a record high, since we are only able to consult data going back two decades). At the same time, the VIX (which measures volatility premiums paid for SPX at and near the money front month options) has declined to below 11, which is roughly in line with the lowest values seen in 2007:
The Dumbest Plan Ever
We are still reeling. Yesterday, we reported that central banks are major buyers of stocks. Their policy of suppressing yields on bonds has pushed them to stretch for higher returns in the stock market.
A recent report by a central bank research and advisory group called the Official Monetary and Financial Institutions Forum (OMFIF) calculates that central banks around the world have lost out on $200-250 billion in interest income on their bond portfolios.
In other words, central banks are victims of their own depressed interest rates. Feeling the pinch, they move more and more of their portfolios into equities.
The OMFIF says “global public investors” – including central banks – have increased investments in equities “by at least $1 trillion in recent years.”
And we could still be in the early innings of the game. Private investors, deprived of a decent return on their savings, buy stocks. Corporations borrow from the banks to buyback their own stocks. Central banks also buy stocks. Stocks go up.
Seeing what a success they have made, they all buy more! Has any finer system ever been developed to manipulate the stock market? Has any dumber plan, more doomed to disaster, ever been devised?
Quarterly stock buybacks, via Factset – click to enlarge.
Nothing Bad Can Happen …
The Dow fell 21 points on Tuesday. Gold was flat. Around the world, stocks have been doing well. Even our top recommendation, beaten-down Russian stocks, are moving up fast. The Russian market rose 14% in May (leaving it still down about 9% for the year). Why?
Maybe world debt levels hitting mega highs has something to do with it. Over $100 trillion was the last estimate we saw. Meanwhile, why worry? Volatility is ultra low. The VIX measures investors’ worry levels by looking at implied volatility in the options market. The index just posted its lowest monthly close since 2007.
Investors are not fearful. And not necessarily greedy, either. They are just complacent, sure that nothing bad will happen.
The VIX is stuck in the 'nothing bad can happen' range – click to enlarge.
Youth Employment Plummets
Pity the class of ’14! News comes that students are defaulting on their loans at an annual rate of 11%. We’re surprised it isn’t higher. Fewer than half of Americans aged between 18 and 29 have jobs. Even among college grads, nearly half are jobless or underemployed. Hardly surprising, then, that as a share of national income, young people have less than ever.
Over the last 14 years, the number of Americans aged between 16 and 24 who have jobs has fallen by 18%. For most people, the unemployment rate is back to acceptable levels. But only because so many people are no longer included in the labor force participation numbers.
Retiring baby boomers account for some of the drop off. But there are also millions of young people who never seem to get a shot at gainful employment. Never getting on the ladder, they have no way to climb higher.
Employment and unemployment rates for youth aged 15 – 24 compared. The unemployment rate, though still extremely high, has been declining – mainly because those who no longer bother looking for a job are no longer counted as unemployed. One may well ask: if they are not unemployed, what are they? - click to enlarge.
A Strange Lack of Corrections
Corrections are normal features of stock markets. The current rally on Wall Street is an outlier. It’s seen an usually low number of corrections… and what corrections there have been were unusually mild.
From Andrew Lapthorne, a quant working at investment bank SocGen:
“The number of 1% down days for the S&P 500 in any given year has averaged 27 since 1969; the S&P 500 has seen just sixteen 1% down days over the last 12 months. It has now been 468 days since a market correction of 10% or more, the fourth longest period on record, and, as we show below, the annualized peak to trough loss has only been 5% compared to typical annual drawdown of 15%.”
The following chart from SocGen says it all. It shows the maximum peak-to-trough losses for the S&P 500 incurred over a one-year period going back to 1970. As you can see from the far right of the chart, volatility is far below normal.
Stocks and Bonds - One of These Markets is Wrong
If one looks only at the SPX and the DJIA, one would have to conclude that stock market participants firmly believe in the recovery story that is peddled far and wide. After all, these indexes have only just retreated from new all time highs. However, something doesn't compute in terms of the 'market message'. Small caps and momentum stocks (mainly tech stocks in the widest sense) continue to leak, and they have been the leaders of the bull market.
That is not the only problem though. 10 year treasury note yields have just dropped below the short term support level we recently flagged as 'vulnerable', and they have done so with gusto, by gapping right through it. Here is an updated chart:
10 year yields break support – if there is one thing that could be construed as slightly encouraging for bond bears, it is the fact that 30 year bond yields are slightly diverging, but that may be simply because they have been leading the march lower thus far – click to enlarge.
Better E than P
When we turned the lights off on Friday, the Dow was hitting a new high. But US small caps and the tech-heavy Nasdaq are not faring so well. We gave you a rare recommendation yesterday: Buy Russian gas giant Gazprom OAO (PINK:OGZPY).
Who knows? But with a trailing 12-month price-earnings ratio of 2.7, it looked like a Mother’s Day gift to us. By contrast, the US Internet sector appears to be a kiss of doom – the kind of smooch that would make your face itch.
Last time we looked, Amazon.com – the “river of no returns” – was trading on a trailing 12-month price-earnings ratio of 454 and had earnings per share of just $0.64. Compare that with Gazprom, with its P/E of just 2.7 and earnings per share of 106 rubles – or $3.
Put one beside the other: Amazon.com is almost all P. Gazprom is almost all E. All things considered, we’d rather have the E.
An Unexpected Surge
There was an unexpected surge in initial unemployment claims, even as other economic data showed some improvement. Following on the heels of an extremely weak Q1 GDP report (flawed as GDP is as a measure of 'growth'), this continued the recent streak of 'mixed' and seemingly incongruous economic data points. Keep in mind that this Thursday's initial claims report was already outside the reporting period of the payrolls report that will be published on Friday.
As Lee Adler reports here, actual, unadjusted claims confirmed the surge in the seasonally adjusted number this time. Often the two data series fail to confirm each other, and as Adler frequently points out, the statistical 'smoothing' exercises usually only serve to obscure what is really happening. This week's number was quite bad, which is why it is worth mentioning. According to Adler:
“The actual weekly change of an increase of 18,000 compared with the 10 year average for this week of a decline of -12,200.In this week last year the week to week change was a drop of -24,700. In that respect as well, the current reading was bad.”
Calendar quirks (due to Good Friday) may have influenced the number, so one will need to watch for upcoming releases to see if a worsening trend is developing. What is already certain is that the unadjusted claims data have begun to diverge from the stock market.
Initial and continuing unemployment claims. These are the officially reported seasonally adjusted figures – click to enlarge.
The Move Toward 'Safety' Continues
This is a brief update on the technical backdrop in the US stock market. In spite of the recent rebound, the move from 'growth' to safety has continued. We use the XLU-QQQ ratio to follow this trend, but one could e.g. also employ consumer staples instead of the XLU and would see the same trend. This week we will get more 'tapering' from the Fed as well as the payrolls data, both events that could be short term triggers for the next short term move in stocks.
A noteworthy detail is that the market was weak on Friday. Weakness on Fridays indicates growing uncertainty (traders don't want to remain long over the weekend). In this particular case it was widely reported that the continuing trouble in the eastern Ukraine triggered market weakness, but no-one actually knows what would have happened in the absence of such news. Trouble in the Ukraine is not exactly 'new' news after all. It's been going on for months.
The XLU-QQQ ratio's uptrend that started earlier this year is unbroken – click to enlarge.
Articles that might be of interest for you:
- In Defense of Austrian Economics
- Fleeing the French Welfare State
- European Credit Dirigisme
- In Gold We Trust, 2014
- Market Sentiment and Money Supply Update
- Monetary Metals Silver Headfake Report: 22 June, 2014
- The Democracy Delusion
- Mass Extinction and Other Trivia
- Germany Rolls Back Labor Reforms
- Janet Yellen Chimes in on the Bubble Question